Chapter 24: Do you Want Blood on Your Hands?

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Ramparts Magazine

Warren Hinckle, If you Have a Lemon, Make Lemonade (New York: Putnam, 1974)

Peter Richardson, A Bomb in Every Issue: How the Short, Unruly Life of Ramparts Magazine Changed America (New York: New Press, 2009)

William W. Turner, Rearview Mirror: Looking Back at the FBI, the CIA and Other Tails (Roseville, CA: Penmarin Books, 2001) Turner, a former FBI man, later worked for Ramparts.


ALL notes correspond to the endnotes in Patriotic Betrayal, supply additional information or evidence, and should be read together.

Note 10 Assistance to NSA: Michael Wood’s memo read, in part, “I am in no wise interested in the death of NSA If that’s the price that must be paid, then it must be paid. Yet NSA is an exceedingly valuable organization, and I think we can save it through a massive direct-mail fund-raising effort, along with the cultivation of a few large donations. At our meeting with NSA brass, I will volunteer to prepare and coordinate the mailing. It is my hope that Ramparts, as a gesture to the redeemed youth of America, will volunteer to donate its mailing list.” Ansara Files. This suggestion was later interpreted erroneously by NSA officials as an attempt by Ramparts’ editors to bribe NSA officials into cooperating with the exposé.

Note 16 Roger Fisher letter: In a three-page letter to the Foreign Relations Committee, dated March 15, 1967, now declassified, Sherburne’s attorney, Harvard Law Professor Roger Fisher, detailed the attempts by CIA officials to discredit Sherburne, and affirmed Sherburne’s classified testimony to the committee.

Note 25: Richard Murphy: After being President of NSA (1952-53), Murphy specialized in youth activities; ostensibly he served with the U.S. Army from 1953-55 (military services were frequently used as a cover by the CIA). He then spent many years working on youth activities with the Democratic National Committee; he supervised security at seven Democratic National Conventions, and attended every Democratic convention between 1952 and 2000. During the 1960 president campaign, he directed Youth for Kennedy. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed Murphy Assistant Postmaster, a position he held until 1969. When he left his post, he spent years as a government affairs officer with Unisys Corporation.

Note 41: Draft Status: Sherburne and Aron’s simultaneous draft re-classifications came from Oregon and Massachusetts, which added to the suspicion of a coordinated effort. Both men were then students at Harvard Law School and had student deferments. Both lost their appeals at the local and Presidential level. In an interview, Arons recalled that it was Roger Fisher who worked with contacts at the State Department to restore their deferments. Former international affairs vice president Len Bebchick, then a practicing D.C. attorney, also appealed directly to the CIA on behalf of all the officers and staff who received reclassifications, see Note 3 in Chapter 26.

Note 48: William W. Turner. It is not clear how Turner, the former FBI man who went to work as an editor for Ramparts, would have known that the suggestion NSA pre-empt Ramparts with a press conference came from the CIA’s Richard Ober, even though it was logical for Ober to have suggested the strategy.

Note 52: Roger Pulvers. After the Ramparts’ disclosures, Pulvers left the United States to live abroad. He eventually became an Australian citizen and currently lives in Tokyo, Japan.

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