General Bibliography

Cold War Covert Operations (Domestic)

Richard J. Aldrich, “OSS, CIA and European Unity: The American Committee on United Europe, 1948-1960,” Diplomacy & Statecraft, Vol. 8, No. 1 (March 1997): 184-227

Carl Bernstein, “The CIA and the Media,” Rolling Stone (October 22, 1970)

Anthony Carew, “The American Labor Movement in Fizzland; the Free Trade Union Committee and the CIA,” Labor History, Vol. 39. No. 1, 1998: 25-42. Carew explores the tensions between union officials and the Ivy League-dominated CIA.

Eric Thomas Chester, Covert Network: Progressives, the International Rescue Committee, and the CIA (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1995)

Peter Coleman, The Liberal Conspiracy: The Congress for Cultural Freedom and the Struggle for the Mind of Postwar Europe (New York: The Free Press, 1989) Sympathetic treatment by a participant.

Tity deVries, “The 1967 Central Intelligence Agency Scandal: Catalyst in a Transforming Relationship between State and People,” Journal of American History, Vol. 98. No. 4, 2012: 1075-1092

Quenby Olmsted Hughes, In The Interest of Democracy: The Rise and Fall of the Early Cold War Alliance Between the American Federation of Labor and the Central Intelligence Agency (Berlin: Peter Lang International Academic Publishers, 2011)

Loch K. Johnson, “The CIA and the Media.” Intelligence and National Security 1, no. 2 (May 1986): 143-169

Helen Laville, “The Committee of Correspondence: CIA Funding of Women’s Groups, 1952-1967,” Intelligence and National Security 12:1, January 1997: 104-121

David Maunders, “Controlling Youth for Democracy: The United States Youth Council and the World Assembly of Youth,” Commonwealth Youth and Development, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2003: 22-51

James McCargar/Christopher Felix, The Spy and His Masters (London: Seeker and Warburg, 1963); or Rowman Littlefield, 1992) Former CIA official, James McCargar originally wrote this book under the pseudonym Christopher Felix. McCargar was also a member of the CIA-funded Free Europe Committee, 1955-1957.

Cord Meyer, Facing Reality: From World Federalism to the CIA (New York: Harper and Row, 1980) Meyer oversaw domestic covert actions, including youth and students.

Ted Morgan, A Covert Life: Jay Lovestone: Communist, Anti-communist, and Spymaster (New York: Random House: 1999) Lovestone was a AFL-CIO official who specialized in international affairs, and worked closely with the CIA.

George Morris, CIA and American Labor: The Subversion of the AFL-CIO’s Foreign Policy (New York: International Publishers, 1967)

David E. Murphy, Sergei A. Kondrashev, and George Bailey, Battleground Berlin: CIA vs. KGB in the Cold War (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997)

Kevin A. O’Brien, “Interfering with Civil Society: CIA and KGB Covert Political Action During the Cold War.” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 8, no. 4 (Winter 1995): 431-456

Kenneth Osgood, Total Cold War: Eisenhower Secret Propaganda Battle at Home and Abroad (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2006)

Karen Paget, “From Cooperation to Covert Action,” in Helen Laville and Hugh Wilford, Eds., The U.S. Government, Citizens Groups and the Cold War: The State-Private Network (London: Routledge, 2006).

Serafino Romualdi, Presidents and Peons: Recollections of a Labor Ambassador in Latin America (New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1967) Romualdi, a former OSS agent, was a principle contact between AFL-CIO and the CIA in Latin America, although he does not acknowledge it in this book. See Kim Scipes, cited below.

Kim Scipes, The AFL-CIO’s Secret War Against Developing Country Workers: Solidarity or Sabotage (Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2010)

Frances Stonor Saunders, The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (New York: New Press, 2000).

Giles Scott-Smith, “The Free Europe University in Strasbourg: US State-Private Networks and Academic ‘Rollback’,” Journal of Cold War Studies, Vol. 15 No. 4, 2013:

Giles Scott-Smith, “A Radical Democratic Political Offensive: Melvin J. Lasky, Der Monat, and the Congress of Cultural Freedom,” Journal of Contemporary History 35: 2 (April 2000): 263-280

Giles Scott-Smith, The Politics of Apolitical Culture: The Congress for Cultural Freedom, the CIA and Post-War American Hegemony (London: Routledge, 2002)

Michael Warner, “Origins of the Congress for Cultural Freedom, 1949-50,” Studies in Intelligence 38:5 (1995)

Michael Warner, “Sophisticated Spies: CIA’s Links to Liberal Anti-Communists, 1949-1967,” International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 9:4 (Winter 1996/97

Peter Weiler, “The United States, International Labor, and the Cold War: The Breakup of the World Federation of Trade Union,” Diplomatic History 5 (Winter 1981)

Hugh Wilford, The Mighty Wurlitzer: How the CIA Played America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2009)

Robin W. Winks, Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961 (New York: William Morrow & Co., 1987)


International Union of Students and the International Student Conference

Philip G. Altbach, “The International Student Movement”: Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 5, No. 1 (1970): 156-174

Phillip G. Altbach and Norman Thomas Uphoff, The Student Internationals (Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1973)

Joel Kotek, translated by Ralph Blumenau, Students and the Cold War (London: Macmillan, 1996)

Karen Paget, “From Stockholm to Leiden: The CIA’s Role in the Formation of the International Student Conference,” in Giles Scott-Smith and Hans Krabbendam, eds., The Cultural Cold War in Western Europe (London: Routledge, 2003).

Carlo Ripa di Meana, Scane Sciolto [Unleashed Hound] (Milan: Kaos Edizioni, 2000) Reflections by a former editor in the IUS Secretariat of World Student News.

Gert Van Maanen The International Student Movement: History and Background (The Hague: International Document and Information Centre, 1967)


General: The Central Intelligence Agency

Trevor Barnes, “The Secret Cold War: The C.I.A. and American Foreign Policy in Europe, 1946-1956, Part I, Historical Journal, 24. 2 (1981): 399-415

James Callanan, Covert Action in the Cold War: US policy, Intelligence and CIA Operations (London: I.B. Tauris, 2009)

Sarah Jane Corke, U.S. Cold War Operations and Cold War Strategy: Truman, Secret Warfare and the CIA, 1945-53: Studies in Intelligence Series (London: Routledge, 2007)

Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, CIA and American Democracy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989)

Loch K. Johnson, America’s Secret Power: The CIA in a Democratic Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989)

Loch K. Johnson, A Season of Inquiry: The Senate Congressional Investigation (Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1985) Johnson served as an investigator in 1975 for the Senate investigation into intelligence activities, known as the Church Committee hearings.

Loch K. Johnson, “The CIA and the Question of Accountability.” Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 178-200.

Loch K. Johnson, “Covert Action and Accountability: Decision-Making for America’s Secret Foreign Policy.” International Studies Quarterly 33 (Mar. 1989): 81-109.

Anne Karalekas, “History of the Central Intelligence Agency,in The Central Intelligence Agency: History and Documents, Ed. William M. Leary (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1984)

Lyman B. Kirkpatrick, Jr., The U.S. Intelligence Community (New York: Hill & Wang, 1973)

John Ranelagh, The Rise and Decline of the CIA (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986)

Harry Rositzke, The CIA’s Secret Operations: Espionage, Counterespionage, and Covert Action (New York: Reader’s Digest Press, 1977)

Thomas B. Ross, “Spying in the United States,” Society Vol. 12 No. 3 March 1975: 64-70

David F. Rudgers, Creating the Secret State: The Origins of the CIA 1953-1947 (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2000)

Evan Thomas, The Very Best Men: Four Who Dared (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995)

Tim Weiner, A Legacy of Ashes (New York; Double Day, 2007)

David Wise and Thomas B. Ross, The Invisible Government (New York: Random House, 1964)

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